Kidney Donor requirements

This article is written by Dr Padmakumar on 08 Mar 2020

The number of people waiting for a kidney is far higher than the number of people who are willing to donate. We all know that we can opt to donate our organs after our death. However, you don’t have to be deceased to help save a life. You can give a kidney while alive and become a living kidney donor.

We are all born with two kidneys, but our bodies can function even with one kidney. The primary function of the kidney is to remove the waste from the body and thus maintain our metabolism.

So, if you have two healthy kidneys, then you can donate one to save someone’s life. Both you and the person who received your kidney can survive on one kidney each. The survival rate for the patient is higher if the kidney is from a living donor.

Deciding to become a kidney donor is not an easy decision to make at all. You will have many questions, and it’s perfectly okay to have doubts before making such a big decision.

The best way is to find out as much information as you can about becoming a living kidney donor. You should ask questions, learn about the risks involved, and discuss it with your doctor and your family.

If you have decided to be a donor, then the next step is to find out if you are indeed eligible to become a donor. Not everyone can be a living kidney donor. The main requirements for a donor are

  1. You have to be in good physical and mental health
  2. Both your kidneys should be healthy
  3. You have to be above 18 years and less than 65 years old
  4. You should be free of the following diseases: diabetes, cancer, hepatitis, high blood pressure, and any infectious disease
  5. It would be best if you were a non-smoker

Why is a kidney from a living donor better

Additionally, there are some of the tests that you will need to go through to ensure you are healthy enough to donate a kidney. These are

  • Blood tests
  • Urine Tests
  • Pap smears
  • X-rays
  • Antibody tests
  • EKG
  • CT Scans
  • Psychological evaluation
  • Screening tests for cancers


Kidney donation can be a life-changing decision. Even though you will continue to live a healthy life after the donation, you might feel a range of emotions after the surgery. In some cases, there could also be side-effects of the operation. So, before you decide to become a donor, ask yourself these three critical questions.

  1. Am I intellectually ready?
  2. Am I emotionally ready?
  3. Am I physically ready?


Your decision depends on how you answer these questions. In the end, organ donation is an entirely voluntary process.

Risks for the Donor in the Kidney transplant surgery

Kidney donation is major surgery, and as with any surgery, there are certain risks involved. Adverse reactions to the anesthesia, blood loss, blood clots, infections, injury to surrounding tissues, etc. are some of the risks involved with this surgery.

Becoming a kidney donor can be as challenging as it can be rewarding. Ensure that you get all your questions answered and every doubt removed before you take the decision. It is also a good idea to talk to other kidney donors and learn from their experiences.

This article is written by Dr Padmakumar on 08 Mar 2020

Dr Padmakumar
Dr Padmakumar
BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)
Dr Padmakumar is a practising dentist with more than 18 years of experience. His core areas of interest are cosmetic dentistry and endodontics
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