Blepharoplasty is a cosmetic surgery to correct sagging eyelids. The surgery involves the removal of excess fat deposits, flabby skin etc. The surgery is also used to tighten certain muscles of the eyelids that have become loosened.
Blepharoplasty is more commonly done to improve the appearance the eyes. This improves the total appearance of the face by providing a more youthful look.
Blepharoplasty can alter the appearance of the upper eyelids, lower eyelids or both. Functionally blepharoplasty is done to improve vision obscured by drooping eyelids.
After a blepharoplasty there will be a drastic difference in the appearance of the eyelids. The surgery helps to remove:
· The draping of skin that obstructs vision
· The loose skin that creates folds to upset the natural contour of the upper eyelid
· The excess fatty deposits that create puffiness beneath the eyelids skin
· Bags under the eyes
· The drooping of the lower eyelids and thereby preventing the exposure of the white of the eyes below the iris.
Blepharoplasty is a surgery that is well tolerated by almost all the patients. The complete effect of the surgery will be visible only after a few months from the time of the surgery.
The effects of the surgery will usually be long-lasting. But it should be borne in mind that the natural process of aging can create further changes in the shape and the looks of the eyelids. If this happens further eyelid surgeries may be necessary to reshape the eyelids.
In very rare circumstances, the surgery may fail to deliver optimal results. In such cases further corrective surgeries may be necessary. At certain times, a blepharoplasty surgery may create various complications. There are also certain risks associated with the surgery.
Some of the most common risks and complications associated with blepharoplasty are:
· Reactions to anaesthesia
· Swelling, bruising or bleeding of eyelids
· Dryness of the eyes
· Photosensitivity or sensitivity to bright light
· Difficulty in closing the eyes
· Surgical wound infection
There are certain specific complications of blepharoplasty that may require further corrective surgery. Some of these complications are listed below.
· Ectropion-In this condition there is an outward rolling of the lower eyelids. There will be an over-exposure of the sclera or the white of the eye below the iris. The condition will require further corrective surgery.
· Lid lag- In this condition the lower eye lid gets pulled down. The condition is usually temporary and resolves by itself within a reasonable period of time
· Changes in vision-This may be temporary in nature. But in certain cases, the effects will be long-lasting.
· Numbness of the eyelashes
· Unfavourable scarring
Blepharoplasty often yields excellent results that are satisfying for the patient. But in very rare situations there will be need of further revision surgeries.