What is Breast reduction surgery?
Breast reduction surgery is a surgical procedure to reduce the size of one’s breasts. Breasts that are not in proportion to the rest of the body is a problem faced by many women. Apart from attracting unwanted attention, it also makes one very conscious of her body. This can create psychological as well as social issues. A lack of self-confidence and avoidance of social situations that warrant tight fitting costumes also occurs. The person starts wearing loose and ill-fitting costumes to conceal the breasts. All these result in a total change in the overall personality of a person.
It can also create problems for the body as well. Chronic and nagging pain can occur in the neck, back and shoulder. The size of the breasts can cause pressure effect on certain nerves. Irritation or rashes can develop underneath the breasts.
Breast reduction surgery can help a person to reduce the size of the breast to appropriate levels. The breasts after surgery will be in proportion to the rest of the body. This can help one to enhance their self-image. This results in increased confidence and improved self-esteem.
The surgery is a comparatively safe one. The results are obvious soon after surgery. The surgery can be had at any age. But if done during the growing stages a repetitive surgery will be necessary later in life.
Who can undergo a breast reduction in India?
Breast reduction is an elective surgical procedure and is mainly done to enhance the shape of the breasts. Chronic pain in the shoulders, back and neck due to the pressure exerted by the breasts may also warrant surgery.
If done for cosmetic reasons, the ideal candidate is one with realistic expectations about the outcome. The person should be healthy without any chronic body problems. She should not be a diabetic or have bleeding disorders. She should also be a non-smoker.
Breast reduction surgery should not be undertaken by those planning to get pregnant. The surgery can create problems with breast feeding. It is better to delay the surgery till the lactation period is over.
Persons planning to lose weight in the immediate future should also delay the surgery. Total loss of body weight will also have an impact on the volume of the breasts. Surgery can be done after assessing the impact of the weight loss program on the size of the breasts.
Breast reduction procedure:
The procedure is usually done under general anaesthesia. The duration of surgery is about three to four hours. The average period of hospital stay is about two to three days.
Steps of breast reduction surgery
1. Administration of anaesthesia
2. Making an incision- various incision techniques are employed depending on their suitability. Circular, keyhole, racquet-shaped, inverted-T and anchor-shaped are some of the common types of incisions.
3. Removal of breast tissue- both glandular and fat tissue is removed. The areola is then repositioned without disrupting its blood and nerve supply.
4. Trimming away the excess skin
5. Suturing of the areola to the new position
6. Closure of the incision by suturing or stapling
7. Placing tubes for drainage of accumulated fluids
8. Placing a dressing over the incision site
9. Shifting the patient to the recovery room
Recovery after breast reduction surgery
The patient will be shifted to her hospital room once the effect of anaesthesia wears off. There will be some amount of pain during this period. Appropriate pain relievers will be administered to control the pain.
Some of the immediate after effects of the surgery will be-
• Pain or soreness in the breasts
• Swelling of the breasts
• Loss of sensation around the nipples
The drainage tubes will be removed after a day or two. The dressings will be changed periodically. The patient will have to take good care of the wounds. It should be kept sterile. The stitches on the incision site will be removed after fifteen to twenty days. Routine work can be undertaken after that. Driving should be started only after getting permission from the doctor to do so. The final appearance of the breasts will be visible once the swelling goes off. One needs to be patient till that time for the effect of the surgery.
Risks and complications of breast reduction surgery:
Some of the risks associated with breast reduction surgery is the same as that for other surgeries, they include-
• Complications of anaesthesia
• Formation of blood clots
Risks specific to breast reduction surgery include-
• Pain and swelling of the breasts
• Bleeding inside the breasts
• Formation of an obvious and thick scar
• Difference in shape of the two breasts
• Delayed healing of the surgical wound
• Loss of sensation in and around the nipples
• Wrinkling of the breasts
• Formation of lumps in the breasts due to necrosis of fat tissue
• Disappointment over the surgical outcome
Dos and Don’ts after surgery:
• Heavy weights should not be lifted for about 4-6 weeks
• Supporting bras or other garments should be worn as per the doctor’s advice
• Trauma to the breast should be avoided
• Periodic check-up should be undertaken to assess to condition of the breast
Male breast reduction in India:
Male breast reduction surgery is done to correct Gynecomastia, a condition where men develop enlarged breasts. Gynecomastia occurs mainly due to hormonal imbalance in the body. Certain drugs like anabolic steroids, digoxin, cimetidine or anti-androgen also cause Gynecomastia. Overuse of alcohol and certain recreational drug is another contributing factor.
The condition can cause a sense of embracement in the sufferer. The appearances of a feminine trait can also anxiety and loss of self-esteem.
Breast reduction surgery is done to correct the condition surgically. Those glandular tissues are removed during surgery. This helps to shrink the breasts. The positive outcome of surgery helps to improve the confidence level of the person.
Breast reduction in India:
Breast reduction surgery cost in India is 6,200 USD and the duration of hospital stay is 1 day.