What is Eczema?
Eczema also called as Dermatitis is a term used for several kinds of skin rashes/inflammations. There are different types of eczemas which are prevalent, and the most common ones are listed below
Atopic Dermatitis: This is the most common type of eczema and is typically genetic and starts usually in early childhood. Children with this condition invariably will also develop asthma and hay fever conditions. The causes are generally due to immune system deficiency in dealing with irritants and allergens.
Contact Dermatitis: This generally is the result of reaction due to excessive contact with certain materials like detergents, soaps, paint etc. This causes eczema symptoms like itching, flare-ups and also scaling on the skin. in some cases, even blisters may develop with fluids which may leak out and spread over the skin.
Dyshidrotic eczema or Pompholyx: This causes small blisters to be formed on the hands or feet. This condition is seen more in women than men. The main causes are allergies, constant exposure to some substances like nickel, chromium. Stress is also seen as a causative factor for Dyshidrotic eczema.
Nummular Eczema: Nummular (which means 'coin' in Latin) eczema causes coin shaped patches or spots to appear on the skin. This will cause itching and scaling of skins. This is typically seen on the lower parts of the legs of old adults. The main triggers are allergic reaction to some substances like metals, chemicals and also due to some insect bites.
Stasis Dermatitis: This commonly occurs in the lower part of the legs of older adults. This is normally due to the result of fluids leaking out from veins which causes swelling and itching.
People with low blood flow especially in the legs are more prone to this condition.
Ayurveda Eczema treatment in India
Ayurveda defines a healthy person as someone who has all three dosha (Vata, Kapha, and Pitta) constitutions in the proper proportion. Any aggravation or vitiation of these doshas make the person prone to diseases. Ayurveda views Eczema as a Pitta disorder due to digestive issues. Unhealthy lifestyle, improper diet, and indulgence in harmful habits are seen as primary reasons for this. Pitta, when aggravated, creates toxins in the body called as Ama. These tend to get accumulated near the skin thus causing scaling, itching etc.
Ayurvedic treatment for Eczema has 2 primary objectives -remove the accumulated toxins from the body and simultaneously address the Pitta aggravation issue. Thus, the first objective cures the disease and the second one aims at addressing the root cause and preventing further occurrences.
The eczema treatment plan will be highly customized based on the individual based on doctor's consultation. The doctor would analyze the person's predominant dosha and treatment plan may have variations based on that. The typical treatment modalities include Oleation (oil application over the body), Emesis (induced vomiting) primarily for Kapha dominant persons, Purgation (In Chronic conditions), Massage, Thakradhara (pouring of medicated buttermilk over the head), Sarvangalepam (paste application all over the body), Oil and decoction enemas, Leech therapy (Bloodletting).
Duration and Cost of Ayurveda Eczema treatment in India
Typical treatment duration is around 21 days with the patient expected to stay in the hospital for the entire duration. Cost of treatment would generally be between 2,300 to 3,300 USD in the leading Ayurvedic hospitals. Cost would depend on the treatment duration, type of room chosen (normal, deluxe, executive etc.) and also the type of hospital.
Dos and Don'ts after Eczema treatment
Remove spicy and oily food from the diet as much as possible
Wear loose, cotton clothes which does not cling to the skin
Use mild soaps for bathing and use soft towels to avoid rubbing the skin
Take freshly prepared food instead of preserved and canned foods.
Practice Yoga exercises and to enhance immunity.